Important Topics for GATE 2019: An Extensive Study Guide

GATE or Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering is one of the most challenging entrance examinations for Masters degree, direct Doctoral programs and as well as for lucrative jobs in PSUs. It attracts millions of students from different engineering courses every year. Before taking such a challenging examination, it is essential for every candidate to be well aware of GATE exam syllabus. Thus, we bring you an extensive study guide enlisting the GATE exam syllabus, of the significant engineering courses, that you should be well versed with before appearing in GATE 2019.

GATE Exam Syllabus for:
Mechanical Engineering (ME)
Civil Engineering (CE)
Electronics and Communication Engineering (EC)
Electrical Engineering (EE)
Biotechnology (BT)
Information Technology and Computer Science (CS)
Chemical Engineering (CH)
Production and Industrial Engineering (PI)



Section 1: Engineering Mathematics

  1. Linear Algebra
  2. Calculus
  3. Differential equations
  4. Complex variables
  5. Probability and Statistics
  6. Numerical methods

Section 2: Applied Mechanics and Design

  1. Engineering Mechanics
  2. Mechanics of Materials
  3. Theory of Machines
  4. Vibrations
  5. Machine Design

Section 3: Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences

  1. Fluid Mechanics
  2. Heat-Transfer
  3. Thermodynamics
  4. Applications

Section 4: Materials, Manufacturing, and Industrial Engineering

  1. Engineering Materials
  2. Casting, Forming and Joining Processes
  3. Machining and Machine Tool Operations
  4. Computer Integrated Manufacturing
  5. Metrology and Inspection
  6. Production Planning and Control
  7. Inventory Control
  8. Operations Research


Section 1:  Engineering Mathematics

  1. Linear Algebra
  2. Calculus
  3. Differential equation
  4. Probability and Statistics
  5. Numerical methods

Section 2: Structural Engineering

  1. Engineering Mechanics
  2. Solid Mechanics
  3. Structural Analysis
  4. Construction Materials and Management
  5. Concrete Structures
  6. Steel Structures

Section 3: Geotechnical Engineering

  1. Soil Mechanics
  2. Foundation Engineering

Section 4: Water Resources Engineering

  1. Fluid Mechanics
  2. Hydraulics
  3. Hydrology
  4. Irrigation

Section 5: Environmental Engineering

  1. Water and Waste Water
  2. Air pollution
  3. Municipal Solid Wastes
  4. Noise Pollution

Section 6: Transportation Engineering

  1. Transportation Infrastructure
  2. Highway pavements
  3. Traffic Engineering

Section 7: Geomatics Engineering

  1. Principles of surveying
  2. Maps
  3. Coordinate system
  4. Distance and angular measurement
  5. Traversing and Photogrammetry
  6. Remote sensing
  7. Visual image interpretation
  8. Basics of Geographical Information System and Geographical Positioning System


Section 1: Engineering Mathematics

  1. Linear Algebra
  2. Calculus
  3. Differential Equations
  4. Vector Analysis
  5. Complex Analysis
  6. Numerical Methods
  7. Probability and Statistics

Section 2: Networks, Signals and Systems

  1. Network solution methods
  2. Continuous-time signals

Section 3: Electronic Devices

  1. Energy bands in intrinsic and extrinsic silicon
  2. Carrier transport
  3. Generation and recombination of carriers
  4. Poisson and continuity equations;
  5. P-N junction
  6. Zener diode
  7. BJT
  8. MOS capacitor
  10. LED
  11. Photo Diode and Solar Cell
  12. Integrated circuit fabrication process

Section 4: Analog Circuits

  1. Small signal equivalent circuits of diodes
  2. BJTs and MOSFETs
  3. Simple diode circuits
  4. Simple op-amp circuits
  5. Active filters
  6. Sinusoidal oscillators
  7. Function generators
  8. Voltage reference circuits
  9. Power supplies

Section 5: Digital Circuits

  1. Number systems
  2. Combinatorial circuits
  3. Sequential circuits
  4. Data converters

Section 6: Control Systems

  1. Basic control system components
  2. Feedback principle
  3. Transfer function
  4. Block diagram representation
  5. Signal flow graph
  6. Transient and steady-state analysis of LTI systems
  7. Frequency response
  8. Routh-Hurwitz and Nyquist stability criteria
  9. Bode and root-locus plots
  10. Lag, lead and lag-lead compensation
  11. State variable model as well as solution of state equation of LTI systems

Section 7: Communications

  1. Random processes
  2. Analog communications
  3. Information theory
  4. Digital communications
  5. Timing and frequency synchronization, inter-symbol interference and its mitigation
  6. Basics of TDMA, FDMA and CDMA

Section 8: Electromagnetics

  1. Electrostatics
  2. Maxwell’s equations
  3. Plane waves and properties
  4. Waveguides
  5. Antennas
  6. Basics of radar
  7. Light propagation in optical fibers


Section 1: Engineering Mathematics

  1. Linear Algebra
  2. Calculus
  3. Differential equation
  4. Complex variables
  5. Probability and Statistics
  6. Numerical Methods
  7. Transform Theory

Section 2: Electric Circuits

  1. Network graph
  2. KCL
  3. KVL
  4. Node and Mesh analysis
  5. Transient response of dc and ac networks
  6. Sinusoidal steady‐state analysis
  7. Resonance
  8. Passive filters
  9. Ideal current and voltage sources
  10. Thevenin’s theorem
  11. Norton’s theorem
  12. Superposition theorem
  13. Maximum power transfer theorem
  14. Two‐port networks
  15. Three phase circuits
  16. Power and power factor in ac circuits.

Section 3: Electromagnetic Fields

  1. Coulomb’s Law
  2. Electric Field Intensity
  3. Electric Flux Density
  4. Gauss’s Law
  5. Divergence
  6. Electric field and potential due to point, line, plane and spherical charge distributions
  7. Effect of dielectric medium
  8. Capacitance of simple configurations
  9. Biot‐Savart’s law
  10. Ampere’s law
  11. Curl,
  12. Faraday’s law
  13. Lorentz force
  14. Inductance
  15. Magnetomotive force
  16. Reluctance
  17. Magnetic circuits
  18. Self and Mutual inductance of simple configuration

Section 4: Signals and Systems

  1. Representation of continuous and discrete‐time signals
  2. Shifting and scaling operations
  3. Linear Time-Invariant and Causal systems
  4. Fourier series representation of continuous periodic signals
  5. Sampling theorem
  6. Applications of Fourier Transform
  7. Laplace Transform and z-Transform
  8. Representation of continuous and discrete‐time signals
  9. Shifting and scaling operations

Section 5: Electrical Machines

  1. Single phase transformer
  2. Three phase transformers
  3. DC machines
  4. Three phase induction motors
  5. Operating principle of single phase induction motors
  6. Synchronous machines
  7. Types of losses and efficiency calculations of electric machines

Section 6: Power Systems

  1. Power generation concepts
  2. AC and DC transmission concepts
  3. Models and performance of transmission lines and cables
  4. Series and shunt compensation
  5. Electric field distribution and insulators
  6. Distribution systems
  7. Per‐unit quantities
  8. Bus admittance matrix
  9. Gauss-Seidel and Newton-Raphson load flow methods
  10. Voltage and Frequency control
  11. Power factor correction
  12. Symmetrical components
  13. Symmetrical and unsymmetrical fault analysis
  14. Principles of over‐current
  15. Differential and distance protection
  16. Circuit breakers
  17. System stability concepts
  18. Equal area criterion

Section 7: Control Systems

  1. Mathematical modeling and representation of systems
  2. Feedback principle
  3. Transfer function
  4. Block diagrams and Signal flow graphs
  5. Transient and Steady‐state analysis of linear time-invariant systems
  6. Routh-Hurwitz and Nyquist criteria
  7. Bode plots
  8. Root loci
  9. Stability analysis, Lag, Lead and Lead‐Lag compensators
  10. P, PI and PID controllers
  11. State space model
  12. State transition matrix

Section 8: Electrical and Electronic Measurements

  1. Bridges and Potentiometers
  2. Measurement of voltage
  3. Current, power, energy and power factor
  4. Instrument transformers
  5. Digital voltmeters and multimeters
  6. Phase, Time and Frequency measurement
  7. Oscilloscopes
  8. Error analysis

Section 9: Analog and Digital Electronics

  1. Characteristics of diodes
  2. BJT and MOSFET
  3. Simple diode circuits
  4. Amplifiers
  5. Operational amplifiers
  6. Simple active filters
  7. VCOs and Timers
  8. Combinational and Sequential logic circuits
  9. Multiplexer
  10. Demultiplexer
  11. Schmitt trigger
  12. Sample and hold circuits
  13. A/D and D/A converters
  14. 8085Microprocessor

Section 10: Power Electronics

  1. Characteristics of semiconductor power devices
  2. DC to DC conversion
  3. Single and three phase configuration of uncontrolled rectifiers
  4. Line-commutated thyristor-based converters
  5. Bidirectional ac to dc voltage source converters
  6. Issues of line current harmonics
  7. Power factor
  8. Distortion factor of ac to dc converters
  9. Single phase and three phase inverters
  10. Sinusoidal pulse width modulation


Section 1: Engineering Mathematics

  1. Linear Algebra
  2. Differential Equations
  3. Probability and Statistics
  4. Numerical Methods

Section 2: General Biotechnology

  1. Biochemistry
  2. Microbiology
  3. Cell Biology
  4. Molecular Biology and Genetics
  5. Analytical Techniques
  6. Immunology
  7. Bioinformatics

Section 3: Recombinant DNA Technology

  1. Restriction and modification enzymes
  2. Vectors
  3. Plasmid
  4. bacteriophage and other viral vectors
  5. cosmid
  6. Ti plasmid
  7. yeast artificial chromosome
  8. mammalian and plant expression vectors
  9. cDNA and genomic DNA library
  10. Gene isolation, cloning, and expression
  11. Transposons and gene targeting
  12. DNA labeling
  13. DNA sequencing
  14. Polymerase chain reactions
  15. DNA fingerprinting
  16. Southern and northern blotting
  17. In-situ hybridization
  18. RAPD, RFLP
  19. Site-directed mutagenesis
  20. Gene transfer technologies
  21. Gene therapy

Section 4: Plant and Animal Biotechnology

  1. Totipotency
  2. Regeneration of plants
  3. Plant growth regulators and elicitors
  4. Tissue culture and Cell suspension culture system
  5. methodology, kinetics of growth and, nutrient optimization
  6. Production of secondary metabolites by plant suspension cultures
  7. Hairy root culture
  8. Transgenic plants
  9. Plant products of industrial importance Animal cell culture
  10. Media composition and growth conditions
  11. Animal cell and tissue preservation
  12. Anchorage and non-anchorage dependent cell culture
  13. Kinetics of cell growth
  14. Micro & macro-carrier culture
  15. Hybridoma technology
  16. Stem cell technology
  17. Animal Cloning
  18. Transgenic animals

Section 5: Bioprocess Engineering and Process Biotechnology

  1. Chemical engineering principles applied to Biological system
  2. Principle of reactor design
  3. ideal and non-ideal multiphase bioreactors
  4. mass and heat transfer
  5. Rheology of fermentation fluids, Aeration, and agitation
  6. Media formulation and optimization
  7. Kinetics of microbial growth, substrate utilization, and product formation
  8. Sterilization of air and media
  9. Batch, fed-batch and continuous processes
  10. Various types of microbial and enzyme reactors
  11. Instrumentation control and optimization
  12. Unit operations in solid-liquid separation and liquid-liquid extraction
  13. Process scale-up, economics, and feasibility analysis
  14. Engineering principle of bioprocessing- Upstream production and downstream
  15. Bioprocess design and development from lab to industrial scale
  16. Microbial, animal and plant cell culture platforms
  17. Production of biomass and primary/secondary metabolites
  18. Biofuels, Bioplastics, industrial enzymes, antibiotics
  19. Large-scale production and purification of recombinant proteins
  20. Industrial application of chromatographic and membrane-based Bioseparation methods
  21. Immobilization of biocatalysts (enzymes and cells) for bioconversion processes
  22. Bioremediation-Aerobic and anaerobic processes for stabilization of solid/liquid wastes


Section 1: Engineering Mathematics

  1. Discrete Mathematics
  2. Linear Algebra
  3. Calculus
  4. Probability

Section 2: Digital Logic

  1. Boolean algebra
  2. Combinational and sequential circuits
  3. Minimization
  4. Number representations and computer arithmetic (fixed and floating point)

Section 3: Computer Organization and Architecture

  1. Machine instructions and addressing modes
  2. ALU, data‐path and control unit
  3. Instruction pipelining
  4. Memory hierarchy

Section 4: Programming and Data Structures

  1. Programming in C
  2. Recursion
  3. Arrays, stacks, queues, linked lists, trees, binary search trees, binary heaps, graphs

Section 5: Algorithms

  1. Searching, sorting, hashing
  2. Asymptotic worst-case time and space complexity
  3. Algorithm design techniques

Section 6: Theory of Computation

  1. Regular expressions and finite automata
  2. Context-free grammars and pushdown automata
  3. Regular and context-free languages, pumping lemma
  4. Turing machines and undecidability

Section 7: Compiler Design

  1. Lexical analysis, parsing, syntax-directed translation
  2. Runtime Environments
  3. Intermediate code generation

Section 8: Operating System

  1. Processes, threads, inter‐process communication, concurrency, and synchronization.
  2. Deadlock
  3. CPU scheduling
  4. Memory management and virtual memory
  5. File systems

Section 9: Databases

  1. ER‐model
  2. Relational
  3. Transactions and concurrency control

Section 10: Computer Networks

  1. Concept of layering
  2. LAN technologies (Ethernet)
  3. Flow and error control techniques, switching
  4. IPv4/IPv6, routers and routing algorithms (distance vector, link state)
  5. TCP/UDP and sockets, congestion control
  6. Application layer protocols (DNS, SMTP, POP, FTP, HTTP)
  7. Basics of Wi-Fi
  8. Network security


Section 1: Engineering Mathematics

  1. Linear Algebra
  2. Calculus
  3. Differential equations
  4. Probability and Statistics

Section 2: Process Calculations and Thermodynamics

  1. Steady and unsteady state mass and energy balances including multiphase, multi-
  2. component, reacting and non-reacting systems.
  3. Use of tie components;
  4. recycle, bypass and purge calculations
  5. Gibb’s phase rule and degree of freedom analysis.
  6. First and Second laws of thermodynamics.
  7. Applications of first law to close and open systems.
  8. Second law and Entropy.
  9. Thermodynamic properties of pure substances
  10. Properties of mixtures
  11. Phase equilibria
  12. Chemical reaction equilibrium

Section 3: Fluid Mechanics and Mechanical Operations

Fluid statics

  1. Newtonian and non-Newtonian fluids
  2. shell-balances including differential form of Bernoulli equation and energy balance
  3. Macroscopic friction factors
  4. Dimensional analysis and similitude
  5. Flow through pipeline systems
  6. Flow meters
  7. Pumps and compressors
  8. Elementary boundary layer theory
  9. Flow past immersed bodies including packed and fluidized beds

Turbulent flow

  1. Fluctuating velocity
  2. Universal velocity profile and pressure drop
  3. Particle size and shape
  4. Particle size distribution
  5. Size reduction and classification of solid particles
  6. Free and hindered settling
  7. Centrifuge and cyclones
  8. Thickening and classification
  9. Filtration
  10. Agitation and mixing
  11. Conveying of solids

Section 4: Heat Transfer

  1. Steady and unsteady heat conduction
  2. Convection and radiation
  3. Thermal boundary layer and heat transfer coefficients
  4. Boiling, condensation and evaporation
  5. Types of heat exchangers and evaporators and their process calculations
  6. Design of double pipe, shell and tube heat exchangers, and single and multiple effect evaporators

Section 5: Mass Transfer

  1. Fick’s laws
  2. Molecular diffusion in fluids
  3. Mass transfer coefficients
  4. Film
  5. Penetration and surface renewal theories
  6. Momentum, heat and mass transfer analogies
  7. Stage-wise and continuous contacting and stage efficiencies
  8. HTU & NTU concepts
  9. Design and operation of equipment for distillation
  10. Absorption
  11. Leaching
  12. Liquid-liquid extraction
  13. Drying
  14. Humidification, dehumidification
  15. Adsorption

Section 6: Chemical Reaction Engineering

  1. Theories of reaction rates
  2. Kinetics of homogeneous reactions
  3. Interpretation of kinetic data
  4. Single and multiple reactions in ideal reactors
  5. Non-ideal reactors
  6. Residence time distribution
  7. Single parameter model
  8. Non-isothermal reactors
  9. Kinetics of heterogeneous catalytic reactions
  10. Diffusion effects in catalysis

Section 7: Instrumentation and Process Control

  1. Measurement of process variables
  2. Sensors
  3. Transducers and their dynamics
  4. Process modeling and linearization
  5. Transfer functions and dynamic responses of various systems
  6. Systems with inverse response
  7. Process reaction curve
  8. Controller modes (P,PI, and PID)
  9. Control valves
  10. Analysis of closed loop systems including stability
  11. Frequency response
  12. Controller tuning
  13. Cascade and feed forward control

Section 8: Plant Design and Economics

  1. Principles of process economics and cost estimation including depreciation and
  2. total annualized cost
  3. Cost indices
  4. Rate of return
  5. Payback period
  6. Discounted cash flow
  7. Optimization in process design and sizing of chemical engineering equipment
  8. Such as compressors, heat exchangers, multistage contactors.

Section 9: Chemical Technology

  1. Inorganic chemical industries (sulfuric acid, phosphoric acid, chlor-alkali industry)
  2. Fertilizers (Ammonia, Urea, SSP and TSP)
  3. Natural products industries (Pulp and Paper, Sugar, Oil, and Fats)
  4. Petroleum refining and petrochemicals
  5. Polymerization industries (polyethylene, polypropylene, PVC and polyester synthetic fibers)


Section 1: Engineering Mathematics

  1. Linear Algebra
  2. Calculus
  3. Differential equations
  4. Complex variables
  5. Numerical Methods

Section 2: General Engineering

  1. Engineering Materials
  2. Applied Mechanics
  3. Theory of Machines and Design
  4. Thermal and Fluids Engineering
  5. Thermodynamics

Section 3: Manufacturing Processes I

  1. Casting
  2. Patterns
  3. Allowances
  4. Moulds and cores – materials, making, and testing
  5. Casting techniques of cast iron, steels and nonferrous metals and alloys
  6. Analysis of solidification and microstructure development
  7. Design of gating and riser
  8. Origin of defects.
  9. Metal Forming
  10. Concept of flow stress
  11. Hot and cold working – forging, rolling, extrusion and wire drawing
  12. Sheet metal working processes – blanking, bending and deep drawing;
  13. Ideal work and slab analysis
  14. Origin of metal working defects
  15. Joining of materials
  16. Principles of solid state welding processes (friction, explosive welding, ultrasonic welding processes)
  17. Principles of adhesive, brazing and soldering processes
  18. Origins of welding defects
  19. Powder processing
  20. Polymers and Composites
  21. Molding of composites

Section 4: Manufacturing Processes II

  1. Machine Tools and Machining
  2. Non-traditional Manufacturing
  3. Computer Integrated Manufacturing

Section 5: Quality and Reliability

  1. Metrology and Inspection
  2. Quality management
  3. Reliability and Maintenance

Section 6: Industrial Engineering

  1. Product Design and Development
  2. Work System Design
  3. Facility Design

Section 7: Operations research and Operations management

  1. Operation Research
  2. Engineering Economy and Costing
  3. Production control
  4. Project management – PERT and CPM.

GATE online application process 2019

GATE online application process 2019 is a straightforward and hassle-free process. All applicants must first take note of the important dates related to GATE online application 2019 very carefully. The important dates are as follows:

  1. GATE Online Application Processing System starting date: 01/09/2018
  2. GATE Online Application Processing System closing date: 21/09/2018
  3. GATE Online Application Processing System extended closing date: 01/10/2018
  4. Last Date for Requesting Change of Examination City (payable): 16/11/2018
  5. Online Availability of Admit Card: 04/01/2019
  6. Gate Examination: 02,03, 09,10 /02/2019
  7. Result Announcement: 16/03/2019

 To be able to register themselves as valid GATE candidates, all applicants must ensure that they have a valid Bachelor’s or Master’s degree or are in the final year of the mentioned degree programs. Moreover, it must be ensured by all candidates that their year of completion of degree is not later than 2019. Aspirants who are currently pursuing Integrated M.E./M.Tech after B.Sc must ensure that their year of completion of degree is not later than 2021. Those who are pursuing the same after Diploma or 10+2 must ensure that the year of completion of the degree does not exceed 2020.

All aspirants are advised to visit and ensure that they have all the required documents available with them before applying for GATE 2019:

  • Applicants must fill in the details very carefully.
  • The image of the candidate and their signature should be within the specified size limits.
  • Applicants who have to produce a caste certificate must ensure that all the details in the scanned image are clear.
  • They should, moreover, ensure that the scanned copy is uploaded only in pdf format and that it is within the specified size limit.
  • GATE online application process 2019 will begin with the applicant having to accept the terms and conditions.
  • After that, he/she will have to fill the form very carefully. Next, he/she will upload all relevant images and documents.
  • The aspirant must review their application form very carefully before submitting.
  • After that, candidate will be directed to the payment page. The specified fee for GATE 2019 exam has to be paid to complete their candidature.
  • Any false information produced will compulsorily lead to cancellation of the candidature. Therefore, all candidates are advised to fill only legit data in the form.

All the best!

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